The Endometrium is a tissue lining in the inner cavity of the Uterus. It primarily forms adhesions between the opposed walls of the myometrium. Therefore, maintaining the apparent space in the uterine cavity. The endometrium thickens during your menstrual cycle and turns into a rich glandular tissue. Endometriosis Causes Complications And Treatment The function of this strong glandular tissue is to protect the fetus. When fertilization does not take place, the endometrial tissue sheds off. Thus, resulting in your routine ‘period cramps’ and then begins your regular menstrual cycle.
Endometriosis is basically the abnormal growth of endometrial tissue. The tissue abnormally grows on pelvis, ovaries, fallopian tubes, on the uterus and rarely on other organs such as liver and kidneys in some severe cases. This abnormal growth of endometrial tissue on the other organs apart from the uterine cavity is termed as ‘Endometriosis’. This abnormal growth is usually non-cancerous.
What are the causes of Endometriosis?
The exact cause of endometriosis is still unknown. But there are several factors that influence endometriosis are identified as Hormonal Imbalance, retrograde flow of menstrual debris during menstruation and the presence of primitive cells on the pelvis.
Hormones like progesterone and estrogen are said to influence endometrium formation. The higher levels of these hormones have a diverse effect on the formation of endometrial tissue depending on each individual.
According to another research theory, the retrograde flow of menstrual debris through the fallopian tubes can cause endometriosis. The endometrial cells spread over the organs of the pelvis due to the heavy menstrual flow.
The pelvis is said to have primitive cells that have the ability to develop into new forms of tissues. Therefore, resulting in the condition called ‘endometriosis ’.
What are the symptoms and complications of Endometriosis?
Although Endometriosis is non-cancerous, it can take a toll on your health.
The main symptoms of endometriosis include:
- Severe pelvic pain
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Painful sexual intercourse and
Pelvic pain during the menstrual cycle or just before your cycle begins is the major symptom of endometriosis. The other symptoms of endometriosis include painful bowel movements and severe pain during urination. A major percentage of women show infertility or difficulty in conceiving but then it varies from one individual to another.
Studies also stated that a few amounts of women do not experience infertility or irregular menstruation. In some cases, women showed no or zero symptoms and complications yet they were still diagnosed with endometriosis. In such cases, some other symptoms you should look out for are:
- Abnormal weight gain
- Chronic fatigue
- Lower back pain
- Observation of blood during normal urination.
The treatment of endometriosis is through surgery and medications. Although, treatment through medications may take a long time it is the safest way to get rid of that extra endometrial tissue. The common drugs suggested by the gynecologists are symptom-relieving drugs along with some analgesics or anti-inflammatory drugs. The other drugs prescribed are GnRH drugs and progestins. These drugs promote the release of Gonadotropin hormone and inhibit the excess production of estrogen. Therefore aiding in hormonal balance.
The treatment of Endometriosis through surgery is a useful and effective way to cure this disorder. Laparoscopy is the most recommended surgical procedure. The procedure destroys the endometrial implants in different organs. As much as the surgeries are considered to be effective, there is still a higher chance of developing endometriosis with time.
The doctors suggest treatment through medications.
Endometriosis disappears by itself when the female reaches the menopause stage.
I hope that cleared many of your doubts regarding endometriosis!