What are the Causes and Symptoms of Hypertension

10 Symptoms of Hypertension

Hypertension is one of the most common diseases which we come across in people. If we look at the number of cases in India, it has already reached a height of more than 10 million cases per year. It is very important for us to know the various causes and the symptoms of hypertension, so as to seek medical help at the time.

It is easily treatable if we seek medical help at the time. This requires a medical diagnosis and does not require any lab tests or imaging.

Hypertension is one such ailment that can actually last for years or for a lifetime. Before we discuss the various causes and symptoms of hypertension, it is very important to know a little more about what hypertension actually is.

Hypertension is a condition where the power of the blood against the artery, dividers are excessively high.

Hypertension is otherwise called high blood pressure. It is characterized as a brief or chronic elevation of the blood pressure in the arteries of the circulatory system.

This height may prompt cardiovascular harm.
Blood pressure is divided into systolic and diastolic qualities. The systolic estimation is the pinnacle pressure in the arteries, and the diastolic estimation is the base pressure in the arteries.

Ordinary blood pressure is characterized as being beneath 120/80, where 120 depicts systolic (most extreme) estimation and 80 with respect to the diastolic (least) estimation.

Hypertension happens when blood pressure comes to over 140/90. The hazard for hypertension is expanded in a condition known as prehypertension, which happens when the blood pressure is between 120/80 and 139/89.

The two kinds of hypertension are essential or secondary. Hypertension with an obscure reason is essential hypertension. Hypertension with a known or direct reason is secondary hypertension.

Normally hypertension is characterized as pulse over 140/90 and is viewed as extreme if the weight is over 180/120.

Hypertension frequently has no manifestations. After some time, if untreated, it can cause an effect on wellbeing conditions, for example, coronary illness and stroke.

Having a more beneficial eating routine with less salt, exercising consistently, and taking prescription can assist in bringing the blood the pressure to a normal level.

What are the causes of hypertension?

Some of the common causes of hypertension include:

1. Diabetes

Diabetic patients are at a high risk of facing hypertension as diabetes leads to nervous and kidney damage further leading to hypertension

2. Kidney disease

Kidney, secrets rennin, an enzyme which is very important for the activity of angiotensin.
Angiotensin regulates the blood pressure in the body.

3. Pheochromocytoma

It is a rare cancer of the adrenal gland.

4. Cushing Syndrome

This syndrome leads to hypertension in the body
Cushing syndrome can be caused due to intake of corticosteroid drugs

5. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

It is a disorder of the adrenal gland. Adrenal glands are known to secrete cortisol when they are affected they lead to hypertension in the body.

6. Hyperthyroidism

It is one of the most common causes of hypertension.
This occurs because of the overactivity of the thyroid gland.

7. Hyperparathyroidism

The parathyroid gland is responsible for the regulation of the calcium and phosphorous level in the body.
When this gland is affected it leads to hypertension.

8. Pregnancy

One of the physiological reasons which increase the chances of hypertension are pregnancy.

9. Sleep apnea

The temporary arrest of breathing during sleep is known as sleep apnea and is known to affect the body by causing hypertension.

10. Obesity

One of the most common ailments which people these days are suffering from is obesity which causes many diseases like hypertension.

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

Some of the common symptoms of hypertension are:

Hypertension is a silent killer as it does not show any sort of symptoms in most of cases.

It is very difficult to determine hypertension in a body, however, if hypertension is not detected it can cause severe harm to the arteries and blood vessels of the body.

In rare and severe cases some symptoms of hypertension is seen such as:

1. Sweating

If you feel you are undergoing excess of sweating without normal causes such as excess heat, this could be a symptom of hypertension.

2. Sleeping problems

Sleeping problems increase in severe cases of hypertension. This can be a major symptom of hypertension.

3. Headaches

Headaches are one of the most common symptoms of hypertension in severe form.

4. Nose bleeding

If hypertension becomes really sensitive, a person can have a bleeding nose.

These were some of the causes and symptoms of hypertension

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