Sarcoidosis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Sarcoidosis is a common disease that causes inflammation in cells of different organs. It is an inflammatory disease of the granulomas, clumps, and cells. The inflammation is caused by an unusual immune response in response to various microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, or any other foreign substances.

Sarcoidosis leads to inflammation in various organs. sarcoid occurs in lymph nodes, eyes, lungs, heart, skin, spleen, and brain.


There are no specific causes of sarcoidosis. There are many factors that influence the development of this inflammatory disease. Some of these common factors are gender, genetics, race, and ethnicity. For example, women are more prone to being diagnosed with sarcoidosis than men. People of American-African descent are more likely towards being diagnosed by sarcoidosis. Apart from that, people who have a family history of sarcoidosis are also likely to be diagnosed with sarcoid.


Symptoms vary from person to person. The symptoms also, vary with regard to different organs. Diverse organs show many symptoms that range from mild to severe. Some of the common symptoms are:

Sarcoidosis might occur in different organs. But it commonly occurs in the lungs and the symptoms observed in the lungs are:

  • A dry cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Chest pain
Symptoms that are seen on the skin:
  • Skin rashes
  • Skin sores
  • Hair loss
  • Scars

Some of the other symptoms that are common include- dry, itchy eyes, eye pain, vision loss, a burning sensation in your eyes, hearing loss, and headaches.


There are several tests your doctor can conduct to accurately diagnose sarcoidosis. sarcoid is observed by examining the swelling of your lymph nodes, skin bumps or rashes, itchiness, enlarged liver, or spleen.

It can also be accurately diagnosed by doing a chest X-ray, Chest CT scan, lung function test, and Biopsy.


Treatment varies from person to person as it depends on the type of allergy as well as the organs infected. The medication will treat the inflammation, and some of the medications given for sarcoidosis are the corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs.

If left untreated, sarcoidosis can develop into potential complications such as:

  • Cataract
  • Glaucoma.
  • Kidney failure
  • Facial paralysis
  • Infertility or difficulty in conceiving

If the symptoms worsen, you can visit the doctor at the earliest for accurate diagnosis as well a proper treatment.

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